Acta Vet. Brno 2006, 75: 85-89   doi:10.2754/avb200675010085

Carvedilol Protects against Cyclosporine Nephropathy in Rats

H. Kotolová1, P. Kollár1, M. Jarošová2

1Department of Human Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Czech Republic,
2Laboratory of Histology, Department of Pathology and Anatomy, St. Anna Faculty Hospital, Brno, Czech Republic

Received July 12, 2005
Accepted March 16, 2006

Abstract

The aim of our experimental work was to study whether carvedilol is able to protect renal tissue from cyclosporine toxic effect in animal model of cyclosporine nephropathy. The study was performed on twenty Wistar rats divided in two experimental groups: control (treated with placebo) and carvedilol (treated with p.o. dose 10mg/kg/day in 1 ml solution). Cyclosporine in oral dose of 15 mg/kg/day was administered to all animals during 15 days of experiment. Urine was collected daily for the assessment of diuresis, proteinuria, and determination of urea and creatinine levels. Serum collected at the end of the experiment (day 15) was used for the determination of urea and transferrin levels. The level of renal tissue damage was evaluated by the Jones method for basal membranes, glomeruli and tubuli impregnation, and by the Kossa method for calcium impregnation. For the determination of paranuclear inclusions presence we used chromanilinblue (CAB) method. Statistically significant differences between total protein levels in urine on day 7 of the experiment and urea levels in serum at the end of the experiment in the control group and the carvedilol-treated group indicate a protective effect of carvedilol on renal tissue, which is supported also by the results of a histological examination of renal tissue. Significant increase in the serum transferrin level was registered in the carvedilol-treated group and no significant changes were noted in ceruloplasmin serum levels. In conclusion, our pilot study showed that carvedilol has the ability to protect renal tissue from cyclosporine induced nephropathy in rats.

Keywords: Carvedilol, cyclosporine nephropathy, antioxidative effect, histological examination.