Acta Vet. Brno 2006, 75: 557-560

Clinical Symptoms and Histological Changes in Poecilia reticulata following Gamma-Ray Irradiation

K. Beňová1, V. Cigánková1, M. Falis1, B. Šmajda2

1University of Veterinary Medicine, Košice, Slovakia
2Faculty of Science, P. J. Šafárik University, Košice, Slovakia

Received March 13, 2006
Accepted June 30, 2006

Lethality, food intake, clinical symptoms and terminal histological changes were followed after gamma-irradiation with doses of 10, 20, 30, 35 and 40 Gy in guppy, Poecilia reticulata. Clinical symptoms, food intake and longevity were also monitored in the progeny of fish irradiated with a dose of 10 Gy. In the first days after irradiation timidity and lethargy were observed. After doses of 30, 35 and 40 Gy, these symptoms were accompanied with anorexia. The most prominent clinical symptoms observed were emaciation, hampered breathing, exophthalmia and haemorrhages. Histological findings corresponded with these symptoms. In the fish irradiated with 10 or 20 Gy the progeny survived, after a dose of 30 Gy the progeny died within 24 hours after birth and after doses of 35 and 40 Gy dead progeny was born. The survival data provide an estimate of LD50/30 equal to 29 Gy. Higher relative mortality and more severe clinical symptoms were observed in females. The progeny of irradiated parent fish grew and survived for 3 months maximum.