Acta Vet. Brno 2009, 78: 589-594

In vitro Effect of α-tocopherol and Ascorbic Acid Supplementation on Immunological Indicators in Bovine Leukocytes following Transportation

Renata Urban-Chmiel, Andrzej Wernicki, Andrzej Puchalski, Marta Dec

Institute of Biological Bases of Animal Diseases, Sub-Department of Veterinary Prevention, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, Lublin, Poland

Received October 6, 2008
Accepted May 18, 2009

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of two different antioxidants, α-tocopherol and ascorbic acid, on the chemotactic activity and susceptibility to Mannheimia haemolytica leukotoxin (Lkt) of white blood cells obtained from calves exposed to transport in vitro. Both antioxidants used were found to affect the chemotactic activity of white blood cells. Supplementation of α-tocopherol at a concentration of 0.2 mg/ml and 0.5 mg/ml induced significant (P ⪬ 0.05) increase of chemotactic activity in white blood cells compared to control. In case of ascorbic acid supplementation the highest chemotactic activity was observed at a concentration of 0.5 mg/ml. The results obtained in microtitration (MTT) assay also suggest that high concentrations of α-tocopherol (0.5 mg/ml) play a role in protecting bovine leukocytes against the cytotoxic effect of Lkt, the susceptibility of the leukocytes on M. haemolytica Lkt was lower in comparison to control about 6%. The antioxidants used in this study have been found to have a protective effect on cells participating in the immune response to M. haemolytica. This particularly applies to high concentrations of α-tocopherol. The clinical aspect of these results may lie in protection of leukocytes exposed to leukotoxin of M. haemolytica. It should be emphasized that the results provide only partial information on the effect of the antioxidants studied on cells participating in an organism’s defence mechanisms. For an evaluation that would enable proper prevention of bovine respiratory diseases, research should be continued and expanded to include analysis of cellular structures.