Acta Vet. Brno 2010, 79: 637-645

Periodontal Health vs. Various Preventive Means in Toy Dog Breeds

Igor Capík

Department of Small Animals, University of Veterinary Medicine in Košice, Slovak Republic

This study used six toy Chihuahua dogs in relationship. They underwent four 8 week periods differing in type of food (dry, soft, dental diet) and preventive means of periodontitis (tooth-brushing and enzymatic chewing strips). The results showed nonsignificant influence of food consistency on dental plaque, calculus and gingivitis scores. Dental diet nonsignificantly decreased dental calculus deposition in comparison to common commercial food. The best results were achieved with toothbrushing. The enzymatic chewing strips significantly decreased dental plaque, calculus and gingivitis scores only on carnassial teeth. These results confirm that there are no absolute preventive measures of periodontitis.


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