Acta Vet. Brno 2011, 80: 397-400

Chronic liver disease and subchronic nephritis in a male warty chameleon (Furcifer verrucosus) with transient hyperglycaemia – case report

Zdeněk Knotek1,2, Zora Knotková1, Šárka Trnková1, Gerry M. Dorrestein1,3, William Lewis4

1Avian and Exotic Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic
2Clinic for Avian, Reptile and Fish Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
3Diagnostic Pathology Laboratory NOIVBD, Veldhoven, The Netherlands
4The Wylie Veterinary Centre, Upminster, Essex, United Kingdom


1. Crocker C, Miller D 2002: Persistent elevated blood glucose in the iguana, Iguana iguana: A case study. Proc ARAV, Reno, 7-9
2. Heatley JJ, Johnson A, Tully T, Mitchell M 2001: Persistent hyperglycemia in a chinese water dragon, Physignathus cocincinus. Proc ARAV, Orlando, pp. 207-211
3. Knotek Z, Dorrestein GM, Knotková Z, Jekl V, Grabensteiner E, Trnková Š 2008: Haematology and plasma chemistry in female veiled chameleons (Chamaeleo calyptratus) suffering from pre-ovulatory follicle stasis (POFS). Proc. EAZWV, Leipzig, pp. 189-195
4. Knotek Z, Hauptman K, Knotková Z, Hájková P, Tichý F 2002: Haemogram and plasma biochemistry in green iguanas with renal disease. Acta Vet Brno, 71: 333-340 <>
5. Kik MJL 1995: Nutritional, infectious and environmental diseases of chameleons. Proc. Coll Pathol Rept Amphibians, Alphen aan den Rijn, pp. 191-196
6. Knotková Z, Dorrestein GM, Jekl V, Janoušková J, Knotek Z 2008: Fasting and post-prandial serum bile acid concentrations in 10 healthy female red-eared terrapins (Trachemys scripta elegans). Vet Rec 163: 510-514 <>
7. Knotková Z, Pejřilová S, Trnková S, Matoušková O, Knotek Z 2005: Influence of reproductive season upon plasma biochemistry values in green iguanas. Acta Vet Brno 74: 515-520 <>
8. Mayer J, Knoll J, Innis C, Mitchell MA 2005: Characterizing the hematologic and plasma chemistry profiles of captive Chinese water dragons, Physignathus cocincinus. J Herp Med Surg 15: 16-23
9. Pejřilová S, Knotková Z, Knotek Z, Vrbas J 2004: Age-related changes of the hematological profile in green iguana (Iguana iguana rhinolopha). Acta Vet Brno 73: 305-312 <>
10. Stahl SJ 2006: Hypeglycemia in reptiles. In: Mader DR (Ed.), Reptile Medicine and Surgery. 2nd ed., Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, pp. 822-835
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  • ISSN 0001-7213 (printed)
  • ISSN 1801-7576 (electronic)

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