Acta Vet. Brno 2011, 81: 21-25

Detection and characterization of Leptospira spp. isolated from aborted bovine clinical samples

Hassan Momtaz1, Saadat Moshkelani2

1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, ShahreKord Branch, Islamic Azad University, ShahreKord, Iran
2Young Researchers Club, ShahreKord Branch, Islamic Azad University, ShahreKord, Iran

Leptospira is recognized as an important public health problem worldwide, especially in tropical countries, and is a common cause of abortion in dairy and beef herds. The aim of the present study was to detect and characterize Leptospira as the causative agent of abortion in cattle using a PCR-RFLP in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari and Isfahan provinces, Iran. A total of 220 bovine aborted foetuses and 120 vaginal discharges from an aborted calf were collected from 64 commercial dairy herds. After isolation of 60 Leptospira spp. from samples, RFLP analysis was carried out with HindIII and HaeIII restriction enzymes in reference strains and isolated for characterization. In a total of 340 specimens, 46 (20.9%) and 14 (11.66%) were identified positive for Leptospira spp. from aborted bovine foetuses and vaginal discharges, respectively. The present results also suggest that L. interrogans serovar hardjo has the highest prevalence in the region under study and L. hardjo is a major pathogen causing bovine abortion in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari and Isfahan provinces of Iran.


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