Acta Vet. Brno 2013, 82: 297-302

Effect of mixed use of thyme and fennel oils on biochemical properties and electrolytes in rainbow trout as a response to Yersinia ruckeri infection

Azime Kucukgul Gulec, Durali Danabas, Mesut Ural, Engin Seker, Ali Arslan, Osman Serdar

Tunceli University, Fisheries Faculty, Tunceli, Turkey


1. Agarwal SS, Singh VK 1999: Immunomodulators studies on Indian medicinal plants and synthetic peptides. Part 1: medicinal plants. Proc Indian Natl Sci Acad 65: 179-204
2. Akgul A 1993: Spice science and technology. Food Science Association, Ankara, 451 p.
3. APHA 1998: Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. 20th Edition. American Public Health Association, Washington DC
4. Bagamboula CF, Uyttendaele M, Debevere J 2004: Inhibitory effect of thyme and basil essential oils, carvacrol, thymol, estragol, linalool and p-cymene towards Shigella sonnei and S. flexneri. Food Microbiol 21: 33-42 <>
5. Bauer AW, Kirby WM, Sherris JC, Turek M 1996: Antibiotic susceptibility testing by standardized single disc method. Am J Clin Pathol 44: 493-496
6. Baytop T 1984: Treatment with plants in Turkey. Istanbul University Press, Istanbul, Turkey, 167 p.
7. Citarasu T 2010: Herbal biomedicines: a new opportunity for aquaculture industry. Aqua Int 18: 403-414 <>
8. Citarasu T, Sivaram V, Immanuel G, Rout N, Murugan V 2006: Influence of selected Indian immunostimulant herbs against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon with reference to haematological, biochemical and immunological changes. Fish Shellfish Immunol 21: 372-384 <>
9. Coppo JA 2001: Internal environment comparative physiology. Ed Dunken, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 297 pp.
10. Dada AA, Ikuerowo M 2009: Effects of ethanolic extracts of garcinia kola seeds on growth and haematology of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) broodstock. African J Agri Res 4: 344-347
11. Davis PH 1982: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Island. University Press, Edinburg, 97 p.
12. Devasagayam TPA, Sainis KB 2002: Immune system and antioxidants, especially those derived from Indian medicinal plants. Indian J Exp Biol 40: 639-655
13. Essawi T, Srour M 2000: Screening of some Palestinian medicinal plants for antibacterial activity. J Ethnopharmacol 70: 343-349 <>
14. Harikrishnan R, Balasundaram C, Heo MS 2010: Potential use of probiotics and triherbal enriched diet to control Aeromonas hydrophila infection in carp. Dis Aquat Org 92: 41-49 <>
15. Ji SC, Jeong GS, Im GS, Lee SW, Yoo JH, Taki K 2007: Dietary medicinal herbs improve growth performance, fatty acid utilization and stress recovery of Japanese flounder. Fish Sci 73: 70-76 <>
16. Karaman S, Digrak M, Ravid U, Ilcim A 2001: Antibacterial and antifungal activity of the essential oils of Thymus revolutus Celak from Turkey. J Ethnophar 76: 183-186 <>
17. Kirubakaran CJW, Alexander CP, Dinakaran Michael R 2010: Enhancement of non-specific immune responses and disease resistance on oral administration of Nyctanthes arbortristis seed extract in Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters). Aquacul Res 41: 1630-163 <>
18. MacMillan JR 2001: Aquaculture and antibiotic resistance: a negligible public health risk? World Aqua 32: 49-68
19. Ozcan MM, Sagdıc L, Ozkan O 2006: Inhibitory effects of spice essential oils on the growth of Bacillus species. J Med Food 9: 418-421 <>
20. Raida MK, Buchmann K 2009: Innate immune response in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) against primary and secondary infections with Yersinia ruckeri O1. Dev Comp Immunol 33: 35-45 <>
21. Rao YV, Das BK, Jyotrymayee P, Chakrabarti R 2006: Effect of Achyranthes aspera on the immunity and survival of Labeo rohita. Fish Shellfish Immunol 20: 263-273
22. Rasooli I., Mirmostafa SA 2003: Bacterial susceptibility to and chemical composition of essential oils from Thymus kotschyanus and Thymus persicus. J Agric Foof Chem 51: 2200-2205 <>
23. Reed LJ, Muench H 1938: A simple method of estimating fifty per cent endpoints. Am J Hyg 27: 493-497
24. Secombes CJ 1994: Enhancement of fish phagocyte activity. Fish Shellfish Immunol 4: 421-436 <>
25. Shahat AA, Ibrahim AY, Hendawy SF, Omer EA, Hammouda FM, Abdel- Rahman FH, Saleh MA 2011: Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oils from organically cultivated fennel cultivars. Molecules 16: 1366-1377 <>
26. Sahu S, Das BK, Pradhan J, Mohapatra BC, Mishra BK, Sarangi NN 2007: Effect of Magnifera indica kernel as a feed addiitive on immunity and resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in Labeo rohita fingerlings. Fish Shellfish Immunol 23: 109-118 <>
27. Sivaram V, Babu MM, Immanuel G, Murugadass S, Citarasu T, Marian MP 2004: Growth and immune response of juvenile greasy groupers (Epinephelus tauvina) fed with herbal antibacterial active principle supplemented diets against Vibrio harveyi infections. Aquaculture 237: 9-20 <>
28. Smith P, Hiney MP, Samuelsen OB 1994: Bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents used in fish farming: a critical evaluation of method and meaning. Ann Rev Fish Dis 4: 273-313 <>
29. Sugiura SH, Dong FM, Hardy RW 1998: Effects of dietary supplements on the availability of minerals in fish meal; preliminary observations. Aquaculture 160: 283-303 <>
30. Trinder P 1969: Estimation of triglyceride in blood GPO-PAP enzymatic method. American Clin Biochem 6: 24-27
31. Wotton ID, Freeman H 1982: Microanalysis in medicinal biochemical. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, London, 1974 p.
front cover
  • ISSN 0001-7213 (printed)
  • ISSN 1801-7576 (electronic)

Current issue