Acta Vet. Brno 2013, 82: 427-433

The influence of physicochemical properties of water on plasma indices in brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis, Mitchill) reared under conditions of intensive aquaculture

Radovan Kopp1,2, Štěpán Lang2, Tomáš Brabec2, Jan Mareš2

1Institute of Botany AS CR (Centre for Cyanobacteria and Their Toxins), Brno, Czech Republic
2Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Fishery and Hydrobiology, Brno, Czech Republic

The breeding of salmonids in intensive aquaculture has increasing importance in terms of high quality fish crude. The aim of our study was to figure out if the physicochemical properties of water can influence the physiological condition of fish organism. Blood samples were taken from the heart of 86 healthy, randomly selected brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) with the standard length of 242.3 ± 10.8 mm and body mass of 261.10 ± 29.81 g. Sampling was done on three trout farms in the Czech Republic in the period between autumn 2009 and summer 2011. Blood plasma was analysed for the presence of 23 plasma indices by automated blood plasma analyser. Chemical properties of water had a significant (P < 0.001) influence on the content of alkaline phosphatase, cholinesterase, amylase, lipase, total protein, albumin, P, Ca and K in plasma of the brook trout. Plasma indices were influenced especially by water temperature, oxygen saturation, and the content of ammonium ions, total nitrogen, iron and conductivity. This is the first complex study focusing on the influence of chemical and physical composition of water on blood plasma indices of brook trout.


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