Acta Vet. Brno 2014, 83: 287-294

Salmonella serovar spectrum associated with reptiles in Poland

Tomasz Piasecki, Klaudia Chrząstek, Alina Wieliczko

Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Epizootiology and Clinic of Bird and Exotic Animals, Wrocław, Poland


1. Aabo S, Rasmussen OF, Rossen L, Sorensen PD, Olsen JE 1993: Salmonella identification by polymerase chain reaction. Mol Cell Probes 7: 171-178 <>
2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention 2013: Eight multistate outbreaks of human Salmonella infections linked to small turtles – United States, 2013. Center for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. Available at: Posted October 18, 2013.
3. EN ISO 6579:2003/A1:2007 Microbiology of food and animal feeding stuffs. Horizontal method for the detection of Salmonella spp. (ISO 6579:2003). Standard by UNE-EN ISO, 2003.
4. European Food Safety Authority (EVSA) 2013: The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2011. EFSA Journal, 11: 3129
5. Friedman CR, Torigian C, Shillam PJ, Hoffman RE, Heltzel D, Beebe JL, Malcolm G, De Witt WE, Hutwagner L, Griffin PM 1998: An outbreak of salmonellosis among children attending a reptile exhibit at a zoo. J Pediatr 132: 802-807 <>
6. Geue L, Löschner U 2002: Salmonella enterica in reptiles of German and Austrian origin. Vet Microbiol 84: 79-91 <>
7. Haedicke W, Wolf H, Ehret W, Reischl U 1996: Specific and sensitive two-step polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of Salmonella species. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 15: 603-607 <>
8. Hoszowski A, Wasyl D 2002: Salmonella serovars found in animals and feeding stuffs in 2001 and their antimicrobial resistance. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 46: 165-178.
9. Johnson-Delaney CA 1996: Reptiles zoonoses and threats to public health. In: Mader DR (Ed.): Reptile Medicine and Surgery. PA: WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia, pp: 20-33
10. Krautwald-Junghanns ME, Stenkat J, Szabo I, Ortlieb F, Blindow I, Neul AK, Pees M, Schmidt V 2013: Characterization of Salmonella isolated from captive and free-living snakes in Germany. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 126: 209-215
11. Kuroki T, Ishihara T, Furukawa I, Okatani AT, Kato Y 2013: Prevalence of Salmonella in wild snakes in Japan. Jpn J Infect Di. 66: 295-298
12. Lakew W, Girma A, Triche E 2013: Salmonella enterica serotype arizonae meningitis in a neonate. Case Rep Pediatr 813495
13. Lee K, Iwata T, Shimizu M, Taniguchi T, Nakadai A, Hirota Y, Hayashidani H 2009: A novel multiplex PCR assay for Salmonella subspecies identification. J Appl Microbiol 107: 805-811 <>
14. Marin C, Ingresa-Capaccioni SS, González-Bodi F, Marco-Jiménez S, Vega S 2013: Free-living turtles are a reservoir for Salmonella but not for Campylobacter. PLoS One 8: e72350 <>
15. Mermin J, Hoar B, Angulo FJ 1997: Iguanas and Salmonella marina infection in children: a reflection of the increasing incidence of reptile-associated salmonellosis in the United States. Pediatrics 99: 399-402 <>
16. Mermin J, Hutwagner L, Vugia D, Shallow S, Daily P, Bender J, Koehler J, Marcus R, Angulo FJ 2004: Emerging infections program food net working group. Reptiles, amphibians, and human Salmonella infection: a population-based, case-control study. Clin Infect Dis 15: 253-261 <>
17. Nowakiewicz A, Ziółkowska G, Zięba P, Stępniewska K, Tokarzewski S 2012: Russian tortoises (Agrionemys horsfieldi) as a potential reservoir for Salmonella spp. Res Vet Sci 92: 187-190 <>
18. Pasmans F, Martel A, Boyen F, Vandekerchove D, Wybo I, Immerseel FV, Heyndrickx M, Collard JM, Ducatelle R, Haesebrouck F 2005: Characterization of Salmonella isolates from captive lizards. Vet Microbiol 110: 285-291 <>
19. Pedersen K, Lassen-Nielsen AM, Nordentoft S, Hammer AS 2009: Serovars of Salmonella from captive reptiles. Zoonoses Public Health 56: 238-242 <>
20. Percipalle M, Giardina G, Lipari L, Piraino C, Macrì D, Ferrantelli V 2011: Salmonella infection in illegally imported spur-thighed tortoises (Testudo graeca). Zoonoses Public Health 58: 262-269 <>
21. Sting R, Ackermann D, Blazey B, Rabsch W, Szabo I 2013: Salmonella infections in reptiles--prevalence, serovar spectrum and impact on animal health. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 126: 202-208
22. Van Meervenne E, Botteldoorn N, Lokietek S, Vatlet M, Cupa A, Naranjo M, Dierick K, Bertrand S 2009: Turtle-associated Salmonella septicaemia and meningitis in a 2-month-old baby. J Med Microbiol 58: 1379-81 <>
23. Weinstein JW, Seltzer EG, Nelson RS 1995: Reptile associated salmonellosis-selected states, 1994–1995. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 44: 347-350
24. Willis C, Wilson T, Greenwood M, Ward L 2002: Pet reptiles associated with a case of salmonellosis in an infant were carrying multiple strains of Salmonella. J Clin Microbiol 40: 4802-4803 <>
25. Woodward DL, Khakhria R, Johnson WM 1997: Human salmonellosis associated with exotic pets. J Clin Microbio 35: 2786-2790
26. Zając M, Wasyl D, Hoszowski A, Le Hello S, Szulowski K 2013: Genetic lineages of Salmonella enterica serovar Kentucky spreading in pet reptiles. Vet Microbiol 166: 686-689 <>
front cover
  • ISSN 0001-7213 (printed)
  • ISSN 1801-7576 (electronic)

Current issue