Acta Vet. Brno 2014, 83: 305-312

Protective effect of agmatine in acute chlorpromazine hepatotoxicity in rats

Bratislav Dejanovic1, Ivana Stevanovic2, Milica Ninkovic2, Ivana Stojanovic3, Vesna Vukovic-Dejanovic4

1Military Medical Center Karaburma, Belgrade, Serbia
2Institute for Medical Research, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
3University of Nis, Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Biochemistry, Nis, Serbia
4Insitute for Rehabilitation, Belgrade, Serbia

The present study focused on potentially beneficial effects of agmatine on oxidative stress development in the liver during chlorpromazine treatment in rats. We wanted to examine the role of reactive oxygen species and efficiency of antioxidant protection through the determination of malondylaldehyde and total glutathione concentrations in rat liver homogenate, as well as plasma concentrations of malonylaldehyde and sulfhydryl groups after the treatment. Also, liver tissue sections were examined to follow histological changes. Chlorpromazine was applied intraperitoneally at a single dose of 38.7 mg/kg b.w. The second group was treated with both chlorpromazine (at a single dose of 38.7 mg/kg b.w.) and agmatine (at a single dose of 75 mg/kg b.w.). Agmatine was applied immediately after the chlorpromazine. The control group was treated with 0.9% saline solution in the same manner. Rats were sacrificed by decapitation 24 h after the treatment and biochemical and immunohistochemical examinations were performed. Analysis of data showed that treatment with agmatine significantly attenuated the oxidative stress indicators as evidenced by lowering malonylaldehyde concentrations in the liver and in plasma while not affecting liver concentrations of total glutathione and plasma concentration of sulfhydryl groups. Additionally, histological evaluation revealed the improvement of liver damage in this respect. The presented data indicated that intraperitoneally administered agmatine protects against chlorpromazine-induced liver disease in rats.


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