Acta Vet. Brno 2015, 84: 167-171

Emergency laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy for acute abdomen due to testicular torsion in a dog

Michal Crha1, Bart Van Goethem2, Milan Dvořák1, Alois Nečas1

1University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Clinic, Czech Republic
2Ghent University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Small Animal Medicine and Clinical Biology, Merelbeke, Belgium

Received December 5, 2014
Accepted February 25, 2015


1. Agresta F, Ciardo LF, Mazzarolo G, Michelet I, Oris G, Trentin G, Bedin N 2006: Peritonitis: laparoscopic approach. World J Emerg Surg 1: 9 <>
2. Beal MW 2005: Approach to the acute abdomen. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 35: 375-396 <>
3. Birchard SJ, Nappier M 2008: Cryptorchidism. Compend Contin Educ Vet 30: 325-337
4. Cox VS, Wallace LJ, Jessen CR 1978: An anatomic and genetic study of canine cryptorchidism. Teratology 18: 233-240 <>
5. Eskew NE, Kuhn EF 1961: Case report: abdominal pain due to torsion of a retained testicle. Vet Med 56: 212-213
6. Evans HE, Christensen GC 1993: The urogenital system. In: Evans HE (Ed.): Miller’s Anatomy of the Dog, 3rd edn. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp. 508-513
7. Felumlee AE, Reichle JK, Hecht S, Penninck D, Zekas L, Yeager AD, Goggin JM, Lowry J 2012: Use of ultrasound to locate retained testes in dogs and cats. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 53: 581-585 <>
8. Foster RA 2012: Common lesions in the male reproductive tract of cats and dogs. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 42: 527-545 <>
9. Hayes HM, Pendergrass TW 1976: Canine testicular tumors: epidemiological features of 410 dogs. Int J Canc 18: 482-487 <>
10. Hecht S, King R, Tidwell AS, Gorman SC 2004: Ultrasound diagnosis: intraabdominal torsion of a non-neoplastic testicle in a cryptorchid dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 45: 58-61 <>
11. Johnston GR, Feeney DA, Rivers B, Walter PA 1991: Diagnostic imaging of the male canine reproductive organs. Methods and limitations. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 21: 553-589 <>
12. Koenraadt A, Stegen L, Bosmans T, Van Goethem B 2014: Laparoscopic treatment of persistent inguinal haemorrhage after prescrotal orchiectomy in a dog. J Small Anim Pract 55: 427-430 <>
13. Matyjasik H, Adamiak Z, Pesta W, Zhalniarovich Y 2011: Laparoscopic procedures in dogs and cats. Pol J Vet Sci 14: 305-316
14. Mayhew P 2009: Laparoscopic and laparoscopic-assisted cryptorchidectomy in dogs and cats. Compend Contin Educ Vet 31: 274-281
15. MacDonald DS, Devereux RJ, Bartolf F 1961: Torsion of an ectopic testicle simulating a foreign body in the intestine. Can Vet J 2: 117
16. Miller NA, Van Lue SJ, Rawlings CA 2004: Use of laparoscopic-assisted cryptorchidectomy in dogs and cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 224: 875-878 <>
17. Miyabashi T, Biller DS, Cooley AJ 1990: Ultrasonographic appearance of torsion of a testicular seminoma in a cryptorchid dog. J Small Anim Pract 31: 401-403 <>
18. Naylor RW, Thompson SMR 1979: Intra-abdominal testicular torsion - a report of two cases. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 15: 763-766
19. Pearson H, Kelly DF 1975: Testicular torsion in the dog: a review of 13 cases. Vet Rec 97: 200-204 <>
20. Restucci B, Maiolino P, Paciello O, Martano M, De Vico G, Papparella S 2003: Evaluation of angiogenesis in canine seminomas by quantitative immunohistochemistry. J Comp Pathol 128: 252-259 <>
21. Runge JJ, Mayhew PD, Case JB, Singh A, Mayhew KN, Culp WT 2014: Single-port laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy in dogs and cats: 25 cases (2009-2014). J Am Vet Med Assoc 245: 1258-1265 <>
22. Salmon RD 1970: Letter to the editor. J Small Anim Pract 11: 703 <>
23. Sauerland S, Agresta F, Bergamaschi R, Borzellino G, Budzynski A, Champault G, Fingerhut A, Isla A, Johansson M, Lundorff P, Navez B, Saad S, Neugebauer EA 2006: Laparoscopy for abdominal emergencies: evidence-based guidelines of the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery. Surg Endo 20: 14-29 <>
24. Turner T 1970: Torsion of the retained testicle in the dog. J Small Anim Pract 11: 436437
25. White PT, Johnson P 1955: Strangulated testicle of a cryptorchid (dog). J Am Vet Med Assoc 126: 312
26. Yates D, Hayes G, Heffernan M, Beynon R 2003: Incidence of cryptorchidism in dogs and cats. Vet Rec 152: 502-504 <>
27. Zhao X, Du ZQ, Rothschild MF 2010: An association study of 20 candidate genes with cryptorchidism in Siberian Husky dogs. J Anim Breed Genet 127: 327-331 <>
28. Zhang H, Zhou Z, Zhang J, Zhang S, Wang H 2014: Laparoscopic cystostomy in pigs: Technique and comparison with traditional open cystostomy for surgical stress. Acta Vet Brno 83: 385-391 <>
front cover
  • ISSN 0001-7213 (printed)
  • ISSN 1801-7576 (electronic)

Current issue