Acta Vet. Brno 2015, 84: 173-179

Interval between injection of contrast material and positive contrast cheliography affects accurate diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia

Ismail A. Sen, M. Baris Akgul, Nihal Y. Gul Satar, Ayse Topal

Uludag University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Surgery, Nilufer, Bursa, Turkey

Received March 26, 2014
Accepted November 26, 2014

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, surgical and diagnostic imaging findings in 11 cats and 3 dogs with suspected acute and chronic traumatic diaphragmatic hernia, and to compare the results of positive contrast cheliography (peritoneography) taken immediately and 5 min after the injection of contrast material. Thoracic and abdominal radiography, ultrasonography, and positive contrast cheliography of all animals were performed. Eight cases were considered as acute and six cases were considered chronic. The contrast images taken immediately after the injection of contrast material revealed the contrast material in the thoracic cavity in 8/8 acute trauma patients, but in none of the chronic cases. In 5/6 of these cases contrast material was seen in the thoracal cavity only in additional images taken after 5 min. One patient was diagnosed with FIP and excluded from the study. Twelve cases had complete resolution and one animal died during the early postoperative period. Our results suggest that positive contrast cheliography performed immediately after the injection of contrast material may not reveal chronic cases of diaphragmatic hernia and a second imaging (or imaging after 5 min) is indicated in order not to overlook chronic cases.


27 live references