Acta Vet. Brno 2016, 85: 113-119

The expression and serological reactivity of recombinant canine herpesvirus 1 glycoprotein D

MarkéŽta Vaňkov‡á1,2, Dobromila Molinková1,2, Vladimír Celer1,2

1University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, CEITEC – Central European Institute of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic
2University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Brno, Czech Republic

Received January 16, 2016
Accepted May 2, 2016

The aim of this work was to express recombinant glycoprotein D of canine herpesvirus 1 in bacterial cells and to evaluate its diagnostic sensitivity and specificity when compared to traditional serological methods. The gene fragment coding glycoprotein D of canine herpesvirus 1 was amplified by polymerase chain reaction, cloned into plasmid vector and expressed in Escherichia coli cells. Recombinant protein was then purified and used as an antigen in immunoblot for a detection of canine herpesvirus 1 specific antibodies. Antibody testing was performed on the panel of 100 canine sera by immunoblot with recombinant glycoprotein D as antigen and compared with indirect immunofluorescence assay. Serum samples were collected from 83 dogs with no history of canine herpesvirus 1 or reproductive disorders, and from 17 dogs from breeding kennels with a history of canine herpesvirus 1 related reproductive disorders. Sensitivity of glycoprotein D based immunoblot was 89.2% and specificity was 93%. Kappa value was calculated to be 0.8 between immunoblot and indirect immunofluorescence assay. Antibodies against canine herpesvirus 1 infection were detected in 33% of samples by immunoblot assay. Our study confirms that recombinant glycoprotein D expressed in bacterial cells could be used as a suitable and sensitive antigen for immunological tests and that herpesvirus infection seems to be common among the canine population in the Czech Republic.


This work was supported by project CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0014, and by "CEITEC - Central European Institute of Technology" (CZ.1.05/1.1.00/02.0068) from the European Regional Development Fund and project 37/2011/FVL IGA VFU Brno.


24 live references