Acta Vet. Brno 2017, 86: 293-301

Enriched eggs as a source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids for humans

Gordana Kralik1, Zlata Kralik1, Eva Straková2, Manuela Grčević3, Danica Hanžek1

1Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek, Department of Special Zootechniques, Osijek, Croatia
2University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Science Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, Department of Nutrition, Animal Husbandry and Animal Hygiene, Brno, Czech Republic
3Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek, Department of Special Zootechniques, Osijek, Croatia

Received November 27, 2016
Accepted October 2, 2017


1. Anonymous 1990. Nutrition Recommendations. Health and Welfare. Ministry of Supply and Services, Ottawa
2. Antongiovanni MS, Minieri A, Buccioni I, Galligani I, Rapaccini S. 2009: Transfer of dietary fatty acid from butyric acid fortified canola oil into the meat of broiler. Ital J Anim Sci 8: 754-756 <>
3. Aydin R, Dogan I 2010: Fatty acid profile and cholesterol content of egg yolk from chickens fed diets supplemented with purlslane (Portulaca olarecae L.). J Sci Food Agric 90: 1759-1763 <>
4. Bavelaar FJ, Beynen AC 2004: Relationships between the intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids by hens and the fatty acid composition of their eggs. Int J Poult Sci 3: 690-696
5. Beynen AC 2004: Fatty acid composition of eggs produced by hens fed diets containing groundnut, soya bean or linseed. NJAS - Wagen J Life Sc 52: 3-10 <>
6. Csapó J, Sugár L, Horn A, Csapó Jne 1986: Chemical composition of milk from red deer, roe and fallow deer kept in captivity. Acta Agron Hung 36: 359-372
7. Ferrier LK, Caston LJ, Leeseon S, Squires J, Weaver BJ, Holub BJ 1995: Alpha-linolenic acid and docosahexaenoic acid enriched eggs from hens fed flaxseed: influence on blood lipids and platelet phospholipid fatty acids in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 62: 81-86 <>
8. Gül M, Yoruk MA, Aksu T, Kaya A, Kaynar O 2012: The effect of different levels of canola oil on performance, egg shell quality and fatty acid composition of laying hens. International Journal of Poultry Sciences 11: 769-776 <>
9. Hiltunen R, Holm Y 2000: Lipid. In: Hiltunen R & Holm Y (Eds): Farmakognosia. Yliopistopaino, Helsinki, pp 142-170
10. He X, Yang X, Guo Y 2007: Effects of different dietary oil sources on immune function in cyclophosphamide immunosuppressed chickens. Anim Feed Sci Technol 139: 186-200 <>
11. Herkel R, Gálik R, Arpášova H, Bíro D, Juráček M, Šimko M, Rolinec M 2016: Fatty acid profile and nutritional composition of table eggs after supplementation by pumpkin and flaxseed oils. Acta Vet Brno 85: 277-283 <>
12. Husveth F, Rozsa L, Magyar L, Bali G, Papocsi P 2003: N-3 fatty acid enrichment of table eggs by adding a fish oil preparation (Nordos FatR) to the diet of laying hens. Arch Geflugelkd 67: 198-203
13. Huyghebaert G, Raes K, Maertens L, Arnouts S, Delezie E. 2007: The interactive impact of dietary PUFA on the deposition of DHA in the egg yolk. In: Proceedings of the 16th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, in August in Strasbourg, France, pp 681-684
14. Jiang Z, Ahn DU, Sim J 1991: Effect of feeding flax and two types of sunflower seeds on fatty acid compositions of yolk lipid classes. Poult Sci 41: 2467-2475 <>
15. Kralik G, Škrtić Z, Gajčević Z, Hanžek D 2007: Effect of different oils supplemented to laying hens› diets on the quality of eggs and the fatty acid content in egg yolk (In Croatian). Krmiva 49: 115-125
16. Kralik G, Gajčević Z, Škrtić Z 2008: The effect of different oil supplementations on laying performance and fatty acid composition of egg yolk. Ital J Anim Sci 7: 173-183 <>
17. Lewis NM, Seburg S, Flanagan NL 2000: Enriched eggs a source of fatty acids for humans. Poult Sci 79: 971-974 <>
18. Mantzioris E 2000: Biochemical effects of a diet containing food enriched with n-3 fatty acids. Am J Clin Nutr 72: 42-48 <>
19. Meluzzi A, Sirri F, Manfreda G, Tallarico N, Franchini A 2000: Effect of dietary vitamin E on the quality of table eggs enriched with n-3 long chain fatty acids. Poult Sci 79: 539-545 <>
20. Nykter M, Kymäläinen HR 2006: Quality characteristics of edible linseed oil. Agri Food Sci 15: 402-413 <>
21. Okuyama H, Kobayashi T, Watanabe S, 1997: Dietary fatty acids - the n-6/n-3 balance and chronic elderly disease. Excess linolenic acid and relative n-3 deficiency syndrome seen in Japan. Prog Lipid Res 35: 409-457 <>
22. Pita MCG, Piber Neto E, Carvalho PR, Mendonca Junior CX 2010: Efrito da suplemnentacao, oleo de canola e vitamina E na dieta dobre as concentracoes de acidos graxos poliinsaturados em ovos de galinha. Arq Bras Med Vet Zootec 59: 789-796
23. Raes K, Huyghebaert G, De Smet S, Nollet L, Arnouts S, Demeyer D 2002: The deposition on conjugated linolenic acids in eggs of laying hens fed diets varying in fat level and fatty acid profile. J Nutr 132: 182-189 <>
24. Rašić L, Čavka A, Kralik Z, Kralik G, Šerić V, Drenjančević I. 2014: Effect of omega-3 ennriched food on blood pressure microcirculation and lipid profile in young healthy men. In: Abstract Book of the Third International Symposium on Hypertension ISHOP3, in November in Osijek, Croatia, p. 13
25. Rowghani E, Arab M, Nazifi S, Bakhtiari Z 2007: Effect of canola oil on cholesterol and fatty acid composition of egg-yolk of laying hens. International Journal of Poultry Science 6: 111-114 <>
26. Salamatdoustnobar R, Nazeradi K, Ayazi A, Hamidiyan A, Gorbani A, Fani, A 2009: Benefical effects of canola oil on serum biochemical parameters of Iranian native turkeys. J Anim Vet Adv 8: 2206-2209
27. Samman S, Kung FP, Carter LM, Foster MJ, Ahmad ZI, Phuyal JL, Petocz P 2009: Fatty acid composition of certified organic, conventional and omega-3 eggs. Food Chem 116: 911-914 <>
28. Sari M, Aksit M, Özdogan M, Bamacioglu H, 2002: Effects of addition of flaxseed to diets of laying hens on some production characteristics, levels of yolk and serum cholesterol, and fatty acid composition of yolk. Arch Geflugelkd 66: 75-79
29. Scaife RJ, Moyo J, Galbraith H, Michie W, Campbell V 1994: Effect of dietary supplemental fats and oils on the tissue fatty acid composition and growth of female broilers. Brit Poultry Sci 35: 107-118 <>
30. Scheideler SE 1997: Studies of consumer acceptance of high omega-3 fatty acid-enriched eggs. J Appl Poultry Res 6:137-146 <>
31. Simopoulos AP 2000: Human requirement for n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Poultry Sci 79: 961-970 <>
32. StatSoft, Inc. 2012. STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 8.0.
33. Sugano M 1996: Characteristics of fats in Japanese diets and current recommendations. Lipids 31: 283-286 <>
34. Škrtić Z, Kralik G, Gajčević Z, Bogut I, Hanžek D 2007: The increase of the n-3 PUFA content in eggs. Poljoprivreda 13: 47-52
35. Škrtić Z, Kralik G, Gajčević Z, Hanžek D 2008: Effect of different source of oils on fatty acid profile and organoleptic traits of eggs. Acta Agric Slov 92: 213-217
36. Van Elswik ME 1997: Comparison of n-3 fatty acids sources in laying hen rations for improvement of whole egg nutritional quality. Brit J Nutr 78: S61-S69 <>
37. Yang CX, Ji C, Ding LM, Rong Y 2000: N-3 fatty acid metabolism and effects of alpha-linolenic acid on enriching n-3 FA eggs. J Chi Agri Uni 95: 117-122
front cover
  • ISSN 0001-7213 (printed)
  • ISSN 1801-7576 (electronic)

Current issue

Indexed in DOAJ