Acta Vet. Brno 2018, 87: 19-26

Genetic characterisation of small ruminant lentiviruses in sheep and goats from the Czech Republic

Pavel Barták1, Bronislav Šimek1, Petr Václavek1, Vladislav Čurn2, Hana Plodková1, Tomáš Tonka2, Barbora Farková2, Kateřina Vernerová2, Antonín Vejčík2

1State Veterinary Institute Jihlava, Jihlava, Czech Republic
2University of South Bohemia, Faculty of Agriculture, Biotechnological Centre, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

Received December 18, 2017
Accepted April 3, 2018

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of small ruminant lentivirus (SRLV) infections on sheep and goat farms which are exempt from state monitoring and carry molecular characterisation of strains circulating amongst these farms without SRLV eradication. A total number of 3,410 blood samples of sheep and goats from 21 herds were collected for the purpose of the project. The detected serological prevalence of maedi visna in sheep was 19.9% (556/2801) and the seroprevalence of caprine arthritis and encephalitis in goats was 14.1% (86/609). All positive animals were tested by the nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) method for the presence of provirus in the buffy-coats from EDTA-blood samples. Phylogenetic analysis of 93 SRLV strains identified the genotype in 77 sequences, where 60 of them were genotype A and 17 belonged to genotype B. Whereas all of the genotype B sequences were classified in subtype B2, the genotype A group of isolates showed higher variability and were related to subgenotypes A2 and A3. This study represents the first report of genetic characterisation of SRLV strains circulating in the territory of the Czech Republic.


This work was supported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic with the project NAZV QJ1610096.


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