Acta Vet. Brno 2018, 87: 173-180

Characteristics of selected pork muscles 45 min and 24 h post mortem

Josef Kameník, Alena Saláková, Ladislav Kašpar

University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, Department of Meat Hygiene and Technology, Brno, Czech Republic

Received July 17, 2017
Accepted May 15, 2018

The muscles of the pork topside – musculus adductor (AD) and m. semimembranosus (SM), and of the silverside – m. biceps femoris (BF) and m. semitendinosus (ST) were analysed and their properties compared with the m. longissimus thoracis (LT) and m. supraspinatus (SS) muscles. Colour (CIE L*a*b*), D/L-lactic acid content, and pH values were measured 45 min and 24 h post mortem. The basic chemical composition of muscles was analysed 24 h after slaughtering. A significant correlation (r = -0.61, P < 0.001) was found between the pH values and the level of lactic acid 45 min post mortem, though not 24 h after slaughter (r = -0.25, P > 0.05). The results confirmed that a direct comparison cannot be made between the fall in pH values in meat and the increase in the level of lactic acid. The lightness L* 24 h post mortem was higher (P < 0.05) in AD, BF, ST and LT muscles than those in samples measured 45 min after slaughter. The toughest muscle was biceps femoris, with a mean value of shear force of 90.5 N. The differences in shear force between the individual analysed muscles were significant (P < 0.05). There were significant differences in the intramuscular fat content between the topside and silverside muscles (P < 0.05). The results of the present study are of value to meat producers who might intend to substitute these parts of the leg with one another during the production, particularly in the case of whole-muscle meat products.


The authors thank the Czech Technology Platform for Foodstuffs for financial support of the research conducted at the Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology of the University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno.


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