Acta Vet. Brno 2019, 88: 113-119

Comparison of oxidation status and antioxidant capacity of meat from surgically castrated and immunocastrated pigs, entire males and sows

František Ježek, Fouad Ali Abdullah Abdullah, Iva Steinhauserová, Radka Hulánková, Gabriela Bořilová

University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, Department of Meat Hygiene and Technology, Brno, Czech Republic

Received October 26, 2018
Accepted February 12, 2019

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of castration (surgical and immunological) and sex on lipid hydrolysis, oxidation and antioxidant capacity in selected muscles/cuts of pigs. Nine muscles/cuts from four groups of pigs (surgically castrated, entire males, immunocastrated and sow) were analysed. Free fatty acids (FFA) were analysed using standard methods according to CSN EN ISO 660. Thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS) were determined as malondialdehyde (MDA) equivalents and antioxidant capacity was evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method . The highest content of FFA was observed in sows, detected to be significantly (P < 0.001) higher than in entire males. The highest content of TBARS was found in entire males; the content was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than in sows. Generally, the highest values of DPPH inhibition were detected in samples of surgically castrated pigs whereas the lowest values were observed in samples of entire males. Antioxidant capacity in musculus longissimus dorsi and backfat of surgically castrated pigs was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than in other evaluated groups of pigs. The study confirmed the differences in FFA and TBARS formation between analysed groups of pigs, probably due to differences in the fatty acid composition. The results of our study indicate that methods of castration have an effect on the antioxidant capacity of pork. These findings are of value to the meat industry.


This work was carried out under the project CasPigMeat - A complex analysis of impact of traditional (surgical) and alternative methods of castration on pig rearing and pork quality in order to ensure sustainable and competitive pork production in the Czech Republic (QJ1510233), financially supported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic.


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