Acta Vet. Brno 2020, 89: 349-355

A multiannual survey of cadmium content in pig tissues collected in the Czech Republic during the years 2015–2019

Martin Svoboda1, Jiří Drápal2, Danka Haruštiaková3,4, Zdeňka Svobodová5

1University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ruminant and Swine Clinic, Brno, Czech Republic
2Central Veterinary Administration of the State Veterinary Administration, Prague, Czech Republic
3Masaryk University, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Biostatistics and Analyses, Brno, Czech Republic
4Masaryk University, Faculty of Science, Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment, Brno, Czech Republic
5University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, Department of Animal Protection and Welfare and Veterinary Public Health, Brno, Czech Republic

Received July 27, 2020
Accepted December 21, 2020


1. Ammerman CB, Miller SM, Fick KR, Hansard SL 1977: Contaminating elements in mineral supplements and their potential toxicity: a Review. J Anim Sci 44: 485-508 <>
2. Brzóska MM, Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J 1998: The influence of calcium content in diet on cumulation and toxicity of cadmium in the organism. Arch Tox 72: 63-73
3. Council Directive 96/23/EC of 29 April 1996 on measures to monitor certain substances and residues thereof in live animals and animal products and repealing Directives 85/358/EEC and 86/469/EEC and Decisions 89/187/EEC and 91/664/EEC, OJ L 125, 23.5.1996, p. 10–32 (Date of end of validity: 13/12/2019)
4. EFSA 2004: Opinion of the scientific panel on contaminants in the food chain on a request from the Commission related to cadmium as undesirable substance in animal feed. EFSA Journal 72: 1-24
5. Eriksson J, Gborn I, Jansson G, Andersson A 1996: Factors influencing cadmium-content in crops. Swed J Agric Res 26: 125-133
6. European Commission 2006. Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuff. Off J EU L364: 5-24
7. Falandsyz J 1993: Some toxic and essential trace metals in swine from Northern Poland. Sci Total Environ 136: 193-204 <>
8. Grawé KP, Thierfelder T, Jorhem L, Oskarsson A 1997: Cadmium levels in kidneys from Swedish pigs in relation to environmental factors — temporal and spatial trends. Sci Total Environ 208: 111-122 <>
9. Győri Z, Kovács B, Daniels P, Szabo P, Phillips C 2005: Cadmium and lead in Hungarian porcine products and tissues. J Sci Food Agric 85: 1049-1054 <>
10. Hamon R, Wundke J, McLaughlin M, Naidu R 1997: Availability of zinc and cadmium to different plant species. Soil Res 35: 1267-1278 <>
11. Hamon RE, McLaughlin MJ, Naidu R, Correll R 1998: Long-term changes in cadmium bioavailability in soil. Environ Sci Technol 32: 3699-3703 <>
12. Handson PD 1991: Minimizing cadmium exposure in pigs. Pig Research and Development Corporation Report. Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, East Melbourne, Vie., 45 p.
13. Jalil A, Selles F, Clarke JM 1994: Effect of cadmium on growth and the uptake of cadmium and other elements by durum wheat. J Plant Nutr 17: 1839-1858 <>
14. Jaworski, JF 1979: Effects of heavy metals in the Canadian environment. NRCC No. 17585. Associate committee on scientific quality for environmental criteria. National Research Council, Ottawa, Canada, 148 p.
15. Khan MA, Khan S, Khan A, Alam M 2017: Soil contamination with cadmium, consequences and remediation using organic amendments. Sci Total Environ 601-602: 1591-1605 <>
16. Li C, Zhou K, Qin W, Tian C, Qi M, Yan X, Han W 2019: A review on heavy metals contamination in soil: effects, sources, and remediation techniques. Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International J 28: 380-394 <>
17. Lindén A, Olsson I-M, Bensryd I, Lundh T, Skerfving S, Oskarsson A 2003: Monitoring of cadmium in the chain from soil via crops and feed to pig blood and kidney. Ecotox Environ Safe 55: 213-222 <>
18. López-Alonso M, Miranda M, Castillo C, Hernández J, García-Vaquero M, Benedito JL 2007: Toxic and essential metals in liver, kidney and muscle of pigs at slaughter in Galicia, north-west Spain. Food Addit Contam 24: 943-954 <>
19. McLaughlin MJ, Tiler KG, Naidu R, Stevens DP 1996: Review: the behaviour and environmental impact of contaminants in fertilizers. Aus J Soil Res 34: 1-54 <>
20. Nikolic D, Djinovic-Stojanovic J, Jankovic S, Stanisic N, Radovic C, Pezo L, Lausevic M 2017: Mineral composition and toxic element levels of muscle, liver and kidney of intensive (Swedish Landrace) and extensive (Mangulica) pigs from Serbia. Food Addit Contam: Part A 34: 962-971 <>
21. Oborn I, Jansson G, Johnsson L 1995: A field study on the influence of soil pH on trace element levels in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum), potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) and carrots (Daucus carota). Water Air Soil Pollut 85: 835-840 <>
22. Phillips C, Győri Z, Kovács B 2003: The effect of adding cadmium and lead alone or in combination to the diet of pigs on their growth, carcass composition and reproduction. J Sci Food Agric 83: 1357-1365 <>
23. Ruprich J, Drápal J, Řehůřková I, Šťastný K, Kalivodová M 2015: Cattle tissues as a source of cadmium for consumers. Acta Vet Brno 84: 289-295 <>
24. Satarug S, Baker JR, Urbenjapol S, Haswell-Elkins M, Reilly PEB, Williams DJ, Moore MR 2003: A global perspective on cadmium pollution and toxicity in non-occupationally exposed population. Toxicol Lett 137: 65-83 <>
25. Stohs S 1995: Oxidative mechanisms in the toxicity of metal ions. Free Radical Biol Med 18: 321-336 <>
26. Tahvonen R, Kumpulainen J 1994: Lead and cadmium contents in pork, beef and chicken, and in pig and cow liver in Finland during 1991. Food Addit Contam 11: 415-426 <>
27. Tu YJ, Han XY, Xu ZR, Wang YZ, Li WF 2007: Effect of cadmium in feed on organs and meat colour of growing pigs. Vet Res Commun 31: 621-630 <>
28. Waalkes MP 2000: Cadmium carcinogenesis in review. J Inorg Biochem 79: 241-244 <>
front cover
  • ISSN 0001-7213 (printed)
  • ISSN 1801-7576 (electronic)

Current issue

Indexed in DOAJ