Acta Vet. Brno 2021, 90: 211-219

Infections of cats with blood mycoplasmas in various contexts

Dana Lobová1, Jarmila Konvalinová2, Iveta Bedáňová2, Zita Filipejová3, Dobromila Molinková1

1University of Veterinary Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Brno, Czech Republic
2University of Veterinary Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, Department of Animal Protection, Welfare and Ethology, Brno, Czech Republic
3University of Veterinary Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Clinic, Brno, Czech Republic

Received April 1, 2020
Accepted May 26, 2021


1. Bergmann M, Englert T, Stuetzer B, Hawley JR, Lappin MR, Hartmann K 2017: Risk factors of different hemoplasma species infections in cats. BMC Vet Res 13: 52 <>
2. Doubek J, Rehakova K, Uhrikova I, Slosarkova S, Doubek R, Matalova E, Bouda J, Petrasova J, Tomenendalova J, Sucman E, Toman M, Faldyna M, Ondrackova P, Matiasovic J, Halouzka R 2014: Základy laboratorní diagnostiky neinfekčních nemocí (in Czech, Basics of Laboratory Diagnostic Methods of Non-infectious Diseases). Astron studio, Prague, Czech Republic, pp. 40-70
3. Foley JE, Harris S, Poland A, Chomel B, Pedersen NC 1998: Molecular, clinical, and pathologic comparison of two distinct strains of Haemobartonella felis in domestic cats. Am J Vet Res 59: 1581-1588
4. Greene E 2006: Hemothropic mycoplasmosis (Haemobartonellosis). In: Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. 3rd edn. Elsevier Saunders, St. Louis, USA, pp. 252-260
5. Chomel BB, Boulouis HJ, Breitschwerdt EB, Kasten RW, Vayssier-Taussat M, Birtles RJ, Koehler JE, Dehio C 2009: Ecological fitness and strategies of adaptation of Bartonella species to their host and vectors. Vet Res 40: 1-22
6. Jensen WA, Lappin MR, Kamkar S, Reagan WJ 2001: Use of a polymerase chain reaction assay to detect and differentiate two strains of Haemobartonella felis in naturally infected cats. In Am J Vet Res 62: 604-608 <>
7. Maher IE, Tasker S, Polizopoulou Z, Dasopoulou A, Egan K, Helps CHR, Papasouliotis K 2010: Polymerase chain reaction survey of feline haemoplasma infections in Greece. J Feline Med Surg 12: 601-605 <>
8. Messick JB, Berent LM, Cooper SK 1998: Development and evaluation of a PCR-based assay for detection of Haemobartonella felis in cats and differentiation of H. felis from related bacteria by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. J Clin Microbiol 36: 462-466 <>
9. Messick JB 2004: Hemotrophic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas): a review and new insights into pathogenic potential. Vet Clin Pathol 33: 2-13 <>
10. Niemark H, Johansson KE, Rikihisa Y, Tully G 2001: Proposal to transfer some members of the Genera Haemobartonella and Eperythrozoon to the genus Mycoplasma with descriptions of ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis,’ ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris,’ ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemosuis’ and ’Candidatus Mycoplasma wenyonii’. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 51: 891-899 <>
11. Ravagnan S, Carli E, Piseddu E, Da Rold G, Porcellato E, Zanardello C, Carminato A, Vascellari M, Capelli G 2017: Prevalence and molecular characterization of canine and feline hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) in northern Italy. Parasit Vectors 10: 132 <>
12. Rosenquist MB, Meilstrup AKH, Larsen J, Olsen JE, Jensen AL, Thomsen LE 2016: Prevalence of feline haemoplasma in cats in Denmark. Acta Vet Scand 58: 78 <>
13. Tasker S, Helps CHR, Day MJ, Gruffydd-Jones TJ, Harbour DA 2003: Use of real-time PCR to detect and quantify Mycoplasma haemofelis and Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum DNA. J Clin Microbiol 41: 439-441 <>
14. Tasker S, Peters IR, Papasouliotis K, Cue SM, Willi B, Hofmann-Lehmann R, Gruffydd-Jones TJ, Knowles TG, Day MJ, Helps CR 2009: Description of outcomes of experimental infection with feline haemoplasmas: copy numbers, haematology, Coombs’ testing and blood glucose concentrations. Vet Microbiol 139: 323-332 <>
15. Tasker S 2010: Hemotropic mycoplasmas: What’s their real significance in cats? J Feline Med Surg 12: 369-381 <>
16. Santos AP, Messick JB, Biondo AW, Oliveira ST, Pedralli V, Lasta CS 2009: Design, optimization, and application of a conventional PCR assay with an internal control for detection of ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis’ 16S rDNA in domestic cats from Brazil. Vet Clin Pathol 38: 443-452 <>
17. Santos AP, Conrado FO, Messick JB, Biondo AW, de Oliveira ST, Guimaraes AM, do Nascimento NC, Pedralli V, Lasta CS, Diaz González FH 2014: Hemoplasma prevalence and hematological abnormalities associated with infection in three different cat populations from Southern Brazil. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 24: 428-434 <>
18. Sykes JE 2010: Feline hemotropic mycoplasmas. J Vet Crit Care (San Antonio) 20: 62-69 <>
19. Sykes JE 2014: Canine and feline infectious diseases. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders, ISBN 978-1-4377-0795-3
20. Willi B, Boretti FS, Cattori V, Tasker S, Meli ML, Reusch C, Lutz H, Hofmann-Lehmann R 2005: Identification, molecular characterization, and experimental transmission of a new hemoplasma isolate from a cat with hemolytic anemia in Switzerland. J Clin Microbiol 43: 2581-2585 <>
21. Willi B, Boretti FS, Baumgartner C, Tasker S, Wenger B, Cattori V, Meli ML, Reusch C, Lutz H, Hofmann-Lehmann R 2006: Prevalence, risk factor analysis, and follow up of infections caused by three feline hemoplasma species in cats in Switzerland. J Clin Microbiol 44: 961-969 <>
22. Zar JH 1999: Biostatistical Analysis. Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, USA, 663 p.
front cover
  • ISSN 0001-7213 (printed)
  • ISSN 1801-7576 (electronic)

Current issue