Acta Vet. Brno 2022, 91: 251-259

Influence of the application methods of iron/anticoccidial products on the behaviour and associated stress factors of suckling piglets

María Rodríguez1, Joaquín Morales1, Gonzalo Díaz-Amor1, Antonio González-Bulnes2, Hamadi Karembe3, Daniel Šperling3

1PigCHAMP Pro Europa S.L., Segovia, Spain
2CEU Universities, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU, Facultad de Veterinaria, Departamento de Producción y Sanidad Animal, Alfara del Patriarca, Valencia, Spain
3Ceva Santé Animale, Libourne, France

Received January 31, 2022
Accepted June 14, 2022

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different treatment protocols for the control of iron-deficiency anaemia and coccidiosis, one combination injection versus injection of iron and oral application of toltrazuril, on the general behaviour of piglets. Piglets were divided into three experimental treatment groups: 24 piglets were left untreated; (control group, C); 24 piglets received an oral administration of generic anticoccidial agent (20 mg/kg BW) plus intramuscular administration of iron dextran (200 mg/ml; 1 ml/piglet) in the same handling (oral + parenteral group, O+P) and 24 piglets received an intramuscular application of the combination product (parenteral group, P). As expected, the handling time was higher in the oral + parenteral group than in the parenteral group. Regarding the behaviour of piglets, the time spent suckling after treatment was variable in the control and oral + parenteral groups, while piglets from the parenteral group spent more time suckling, and hence, their time spent resting was decreased. A statistical trend of lower concentration of cortisol was observed in P compared to O+P after processing. Regarding productivity indices, the average daily gain of piglets during lactation and, subsequently, their weaning weight were higher in P compared to O+P, and similar to the control. In conclusion, administering a combination product injection decreases the time of administration compared to individual treatments.


23 live references