Acta Vet. Brno 2022, 91: 317-331

Single nucleotide polymorphisms and metabolic biochemical profile of productive markers characterize three European breeds of dairy cattle

Ahmed Ateya1, Hanaa Ghanem1, Mona Elghareeb2, Usama Abou-Ismail1, Basma Hendam1

1Mansoura University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Husbandry and Development of Animal Wealth, Mansoura, Egypt
2Mansoura University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Physiology, Mansoura, Egypt

Received January 4, 2021
Accepted October 10, 2022

The objective of this study was to investigate polymorphisms of DGAT1, FABP, OLR1 and ATP1A1 genes using PCR-DNA sequencing, and to associate these genetic structures to changes in metabolic biochemical markers and milk composition indicators in a total of 90 dairy cows of the Holstein, Simmental, and Brown Swiss breeds (30 cows each). PCR was carried out for amplification of 411-bp of DGAT1, 525-bp of FABP, 582-bp of OLR1, and 300-bp of ATP1A1 genes. Three breeds’ nucleotide sequence variations in the form of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detailed by DNA sequencing analysis. Chisquare analysis showed that the distribution of all discovered SNPs varied significantly (P < 0.001). Biochemical indices in cow’s serum revealed no significant difference in serum total protein, albumin, and total cholesterol among the three breeds. However, triglyceride showed a significant increase in Simmental compared to either Holsteins or Brown Swiss, while the highest mean value of triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4) was detected in Holstein dairy cows The milk composition indicators analysis revealed that milk protein, sugar, and density were significantly higher in Holsteins than both Simmental and Brown Swiss. Meanwhile, milk fat and total solids revealed a significantly higher increase in Simmental than both brown Swiss and Holstein. As a result, the metabolic biochemical markers profile along with the identified SNPs could be used as a candidate and a reference guide for effective characterization of the Holstein, Simmental, and Brown Swiss breeds, leading to the creation of a marker-assisted selection system for production traits in dairy cattle breeds.


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