Acta Vet. Brno 2022, 91: 409-415

https://doi.org/10.2754/avb202291040409

A survey on occurrence of ochratoxin A in the kidneys of slaughtered pigs in the Czech Republic during the years 2012–2021

Zuzana Široká1, Petr Linhart1, Alena Honzlová2, Veronika Vlasáková3, Jan Rosmus4, Pavla Macharáčková5, Zdeňka Svobodová1, Martin Svoboda6

1University of Veterinary Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, Department of Animal Protection and Welfare and Veterinary Public Health, Brno, Czech Republic
2State Veterinary Institute Jihlava, Jihlava, Czech Republic
3State Veterinary Administration of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
4State Veterinary Institute Praha, Prague, Czech Republic
5State Veterinary Institute Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic
6University of Veterinary Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ruminant and Swine Clinic, Brno, Czech Republic

Received July 22, 2022
Accepted October 10, 2022

References

1. Almeida I, Martins HM, Santos S, Costa JM, Bernardo F 2011: Co-occurrence of mycotoxins in swine feed produced in Portugal. Mycotoxin Res 27: 177-181 <https://doi.org/10.1007/s12550-011-0093-8>
2. Altafini A, Armorini S, Zaghini A, Sardi L, Roncada P 2017: Tissue distribution of ochratoxin A in pigs after administration of two-levels contaminated diets. World Mycotox J 10: 263-272 <https://doi.org/10.3920/WMJ2016.2152>
3. Commission Recommendation 2006/576/EC of 17 August 2006 on the presence of deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, ochratoxin A, T-2 and HT-2 and fumonisins in products intended for animal feeding. Off J Eur Union L 229: 7-9
4. Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Off J Eur Union L 364: 5-24
5. Council Directive 96/23/EC of 29 April 1996 on measures to monitor certain substances and residues thereof in live animals and animal products and repealing Directives 85/358/EEC and 86/469/EEC and Decisions 89/187/EEC and 91/664/EEC. Off J Eur Union L 125: 10-32
6. Curtui VG, Gareis M, Usleber E, Märtlbauer E 2001: Survey of Romanian slaughtered pigs for the occurrence of mycotoxins ochratoxins A and B, and zearalenone. Food Addit Contam 18: 730-738 <https://doi.org/10.1080/02652030116824>
7. Czech Statistical Office 2022: Spotřeba potravin – 2020 (In Czech, Food Consumption in 2020). Accessed September 12, 2022. Available at: https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/spotreba-potravin
8. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) 2004: Opinion of the scientific panel on contaminants in food chain on a request from the commission related to ochratoxin a (OTA) as undesirable substance in animal feed. EFSA J 101: 1-36
9. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) 2006: Opinion of the scientific panel on contaminants in the food chain on request from the commission related to ochratoxin A in food. EFSA J 4: 365
10. Gupta RC, Srivastava A, Lall R 2018: Chapter 72 - Ochratoxins and Citrinin. In: Gupta RC (Ed.): Veterinary Toxicology. Third edn. Academic Press, London, 1205 p.
11. Hou Y, Zhou J, Li Y, Xie J, Zhou L, Lv F 2015: Determination of ochratoxin A in pig kidneys by immunoaffinity cleanup and Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography. J AOAC Int 98: 1566-1570 <https://doi.org/10.5740/jaoacint.15-170>
12. IARC 1993: IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, no. 56. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK513574/
13. Kabak B 2009: The fate of mycotoxins during thermal food processing. J Sci Food Agric 89: 549-554 <https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3491>
14. Luci G, Vanni M, Ferruzzi G, Mani D, Intorre L, Meucci V 2016: Determination of ochratoxin A in pig tissues using enzymatic digestion coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography with a fluorescence detector. MethodsX 3: 171-177
15. Marin DE, Taranu I, Tabuc C, Burgehelea M 2009: Ochratoxin: nature, origin, metabolism and toxic effects in pigs. Arch Zootech 12: 5-17
16. Mikula P, Blahová J, Honzlová A, Kalinová J, Macharáčková P, Rosmus J, Svobodová Z, Svoboda M 2020: Occurrence of mycotoxins in complete poultry feeds in the Czech Republic – Multiannual survey (2013–2018). Vet Med Czech 65: 487-494 <https://doi.org/10.17221/109/2020-VETMED>
17. Milićević D, Jurić V, Stefanović S, Jovanović M, Janković S 2008: Survey of slaughtered pigs for occurrence of ochratoxin A and porcine nephropathy in Serbia. Int J Mol Sci 9: 2169-2183 <https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms9112169>
18. Monaci L, Tantillo G, Palmisano F 2004: Determination of ochratoxin A in pig tissues by liquid–liquid extraction and clean-up and high-performance liquid chromatography. Anal Bioanal Chem 378: 1777-1782 <https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-004-2497-1>
19. Ostry V, Malir F, Dofkova M, Skarkova J, Pfohl-Leszkowicz A, Ruprich J 2015: Ochratoxin A dietary exposure of ten population groups in the Czech Republic: Comparison with data over the world. Toxins 7: 3608-3635 <https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins7093608>
20. Pietruszka K, Piątkowska M, Jedziniak P 2017: Occurrence of ochratoxin A in animal tissues and feeds in Poland in 2014–2016. J Vet Res 61: 483-487 <https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0071>
21. Pleadin J, Zadravec M, Perši N, Vulić A, Jaki V, Mitak M 2012: Mould and mycotoxin contamination of pig feed in northwest Croatia. Mycotoxin Res 28: 157-162 <https://doi.org/10.1007/s12550-012-0130-2>
22. Pleadin J, Perši N, Kovačević D, Vulić A, Frece J, Markov K 2014: Ochratoxin A reduction in meat sausages using processing methods practiced in households. Food Addit Contam B 7: 239-246 <https://doi.org/10.1080/19393210.2014.900119>
23. Polovinski-Horvatovic M, Radovic I, Glamocic D, Jajic I, Krstovic S, Mirkov M, Vasiljevic V 2019: The occurrence of ochratoxin A in kidneys of healthy pigs from Vojvodina province, Serbia. In Proceedings of the 60th International Meat Industry Conference MEATCON2019, Kopaonik, Serbia, 22–25 September 333: 012095
24. Pozzo L, Cavallarin L, Nucera D, Antoniazzi S, Schiavone A 2010: A survey of ochratoxin A contamination in feeds and sera from organic and standard swine farms in northwest Italy. J Sci Food Agric 90: 1467-1472 <https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3965>
25. Raters M, Matissek R 2008: Thermal stability of aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A. Mycotoxin Res 24: 130-134 <https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03032339>
26. Skarkova J, Ostry V, Malir F, Roubal T 2013: Determination of ochratoxin A in food by high performance liquid chromatography. Anal Lett 46: 1495-1504 <https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719.2013.771266>
27. Svoboda M, Blahová J, Honzlová A, Kalinová J, Macharáčková P, Rosmus J, Mejzlík V, Kúkol P, Vlasáková V, Mikulková K 2019: Multiannual occurrence of mycotoxins in feed ingredients and complete feeds for pigs in the Czech Republic. Acta Vet Brno 88: 291-301 <https://doi.org/10.2754/avb201988030291>
28. Svoboda M, Drápal J, Haruštiaková D, Svobodová Z 2020: A multiannual survey of cadmium content in pig tissues collected in the Czech Republic during the years 2015–2019. Acta Vet Brno 89: 349-355 <https://doi.org/10.2754/avb202089040349>
29. Svoboda M, Bureš J, Drápal J, Geboliszová K, Haruštiaková D, Nepejchalová L, Skočovská M, Svobodová Z 2021: A survey of mercury content in pig tissues carried out in the Czech Republic during years 2015–2019. Acta Vet Brno 90: 287-293 <https://doi.org/10.2754/avb202190030287>
30. Tangni EK, Masquelier J, Van Hoeck E 2021: Determination of ochratoxin A in edible pork offal: Intra-laboratory validation study and estimation of the daily intake via kidney consumption in Belgium. Mycotoxin Res 37: 79-87 <https://doi.org/10.1007/s12550-020-00415-7>
31. Vlachou M, Pexara A, Solomakos N, Govaris A 2022: Ochratoxin A in slaughtered pigs and pork products. Toxins 14: 67 <https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins14020067>
front cover
  • ISSN 0001-7213 (printed)
  • ISSN 1801-7576 (electronic)

Current issue

Indexed in DOAJ

Archive