Acta Vet. Brno 2024, 93: 45-57

Analysis of the major deficiencies detected during welfare inspections of farm animals in the Czech Republic

Michaela Švestková1, Vladimíra Pištěková1, Daniela Takáčová2, Vladimír Večerek1, Eva Voslářová1

1University of Veterinary Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, Department of Animal Protection and Welfare and Veterinary Public Health, Brno, Czech Republic
2University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice, Department of Public Veterinary Medicine and Animal Welfare, Košice, Slovak Republic

Received May 26, 2023
Accepted February 19, 2024

The level of compliance with livestock welfare requirements is directly reflected in animal health, behaviour, and performance as well as farm profitability. It is mandatory to keep animals in conditions that prevent suffering and that respect animal needs in terms of biology and ethology. Compliance with these obligations in the Czech Republic is supervised by the State Veterinary Administration (SVA) through inspectors affiliated to the veterinary administrations at the regional level. The aim of the study was to identify the main deficiencies observed during official site visits carried out at livestock holdings in 2016–2020 and to assess the trend of the most frequently occurring deficiencies during the reference period. Data obtained from Central Veterinary Administration of the SVA containing a total of 9,147 records of partial welfare checks were subjected to the analysis. The percentage of site visits where deficiencies were found at livestock holdings was 15.04%. When analysed in more detail, the results revealed a significantly (P < 0.05) highest frequency of violations with respect to administration and animal marking (2,054) followed by the provision of treatment and spatial conditions. The trend analysis showed no significant increase or decrease in the frequency of violations in the selected areas during the reference period (P > 0.05). The results show the need to focus on compliance with duties in the framework of administration and animal marking, provision of treatment, and provision of animal management standards, especially in terms of spatial conditions, nutrition, and animal hygiene where violations were consistently found most often.


The authors would like to thank the Central Veterinary Administration of the State Veterinary Administration of the Czech Republic (SVA CR) for the consent to provide the results of the control activities of the SVA CR for the purposes of this study and Ing. Lenka Richtrová for her help in generating the dataset.


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