Acta Vet. Brno 2014, 83: 45-50

Biogenic amines in the meat of hunted pheasant and hare during the course of storage

Zdeňka Hutařová, Vladimír Večerek, Petr Maršálek

University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Technology, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Animal Welfare, Brno, Czech Republic

Received April 23, 2014
Accepted October 22, 2014

Venison is becoming more and more interesting for consumers. Although treatment procedures of hunted game differ from slaughtered livestock, the hygienic quality of game meat must still be ensured. Potential indicators of meat hygienic quality include the content of biogenic amines. The aim of the present study was to assess the content and changes of biogenic amines in the muscles of selected kinds of small game (common pheasant and brown hare) during storage, and based on the obtained results, to assess the hygienic quality of the meat. Biogenic amines (putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, tyramine, phenylethylamine, and tryptamine) in the breast and thigh muscles separated by reverse phase liquid chromatography and consequently were detected using tandem mass spectrometry. Based on the determined content of biogenic amines, both pheasant and hare meats complied with values of high quality meat. The sum of biogenic amines did not exceed the value of 5 mg/kg after 7 days at 0 °C or 7 °C in pheasant meat, and after 21 days at 0 °C or after 14 days at 7 °C in brown hare meat. The biogenic amine content and the speed of their formation in venison can be very helpful for the evaluation of both meat hygienic quality and safety of these foods during storage.


This study was supported by the project IGA of the University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Science Brno 13/2013/FVHE.


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