Acta Vet. Brno 2014, 83: 77-83

Simultaneous detection of peanut and hazelnut allergens in food matrices using multiplex PCR method

Eva Renčová1, Zora Piskatá1, Darina Kostelníková1,2, Bohuslava Tremlová2

1Veterinary Research Institute, Department of Food and Feed Safety, Brno, Czech Republic
2University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, Department of Vegetable Foodsuffs Hygiene and Technology, Czech Republic

Received September 12, 2014
Accepted April 1, 2015

Multiplex PCR analysis for the detection of two targeting segments of genes coding major food protein allergens as peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Ara h 1 gene and hazelnut (Corylus avellana) Cor a 1 gene was developed. Two sets of primers were designed and tested to their specificity on a broad range of ingredients. The identity of amplicons (Ara h 1- 180 bp, Cor a 1 – 258 bp) by sequencing and alignment of sequences with sequences deposited in Genbank was confirmed. When testing the specificity of designed primer pairs on a spectrum of food ingredients, no cross reactions were detected. A potential inhibition of PCR reaction was eliminated using the universal plant primers of chloroplast gene 124 bp for the plant matrices confirmation. The intrinsic detection limit was 10 pg·ml-1 and the practical detection limit was 0.001% w/w (10 mg·kg-1) for both peanuts and hazelnuts. The method was applied to the investigation of 60 commercial food samples. The developed multiplex PCR method is cheap, specific and sensitive enough and can be used as a simple, one day procedure for the checking of undeclared peanut and hazelnut major allergens in food.


The results of the project LO1218 were obtained with the financial support from the the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic under the NPU I program and grant of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (QG 60090/2005).


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