Acta Vet. Brno 2014, 83: 51-58

The effect of vacuum packaging on physicochemical changes in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during cold storage

František Ježek, Hana Buchtová

University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, Department of Meat Hygiene and Technology, Brno, Czech Republic

Received July 29, 2014
Accepted November 26, 2014

The aim of the study was to monitor changes in selected physical (awwater activity, pH values) and chemical (TVBN total volatile basic nitrogen, TMA-N trimethylamine nitrogen, FFA free fatty acids, PV peroxide values, TBA thiobarbituric acid value) properties in the shelf life of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) muscle. A total of 192 trout were examined. Control samples (96 samples) were simply packaged in contact with atmospheric oxygen, while experimental samples (96 samples) were packaged in a commercial vacuum (98%). All the samples were stored at 2 ± 2° C for 11 days. Analyses were performed on storage days 1, 2, 4, 7, 9, and 11. During the experiment, aw values increased in both types of packaging (in air: 0.982; vacuum-packaged: 0.989). At the end of storage, TVBN and TMA concentrations were at 28.88 ± 4.42 and 19.28 ± 3.00 g mg·100-1, respectively, in the muscle of vacuum-packaged trout; and at 30.52 ± 2.91 and 19.94 ± 2.05 mg·100 g-1, respectively, in fish in simple packaging. The FFA content in vacuum-packaged fish initially declined before increasing to 3.67 ± 2.37% of total fat as oleic acid later in the experiment. The pattern of PV changes was inconclusive, and significant changes (P < 0.01) were observed in both types of packaging. On monitoring day 11, TBA values had ​​increased to 7.34 ± 3.10 mg·kg-1 in vacuum-packaged fish and to 26.03 ± 8.00 mg·kg-1 in fish in simple packaging. Free fatty acids are not a good indicator of spoilage because they are converted to hydroperoxides. Vacuum packaging effectively slowed down oxidative changes in rainbow trout muscle. The peroxide content is not a suitable indicator of shelf life as peroxides are decomposed to secondary products. Total volatile basic nitrogen and thiobarbituric acid value can be recommended as suitable indicators of freshness and shelf life.


27 live references