Acta Vet. Brno 2015, 84: 305-311

Early pain management after periodontal treatment in dogs – comparison of single and combined analgesic protocols

Petr Raušer1, Petr Janalík1, Martina Klimešová1, Magdaléna Marková1, Ladislav Stehlík2, Tomáš Fichtel1

1University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Clinic, Department of Surgery and Orthopaedics, Brno, Czech Republic
2University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Clinic, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Brno, Czech Republic

Received July 18, 2014
Accepted May 13, 2015


1. Becker DE 2010: Pain management: Part 1: Managing acute and postoperative dental pain. Anesth Prog 57: 67-79 <>
2. Beckman BW 2006: Pathophysiology and management of surgical and chronic oral pain in dogs and cats. J Vet Dent 23: 50-60 <>
3. Beckman B 2013: Anesthesia and pain management for small animals. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 43: 669-688 <>
4. Brown DC, Bernier N, Shofer F, Steinberg SA, Perkowski SZ 2002: Use of non-invasive dental dolorimetry to evaluate analgesic effects of intravenous and intrathecal administration of morphine in anesthetized dogs. Am J Vet Res 63: 1349-1353 <>
5. Burton SA, Lemke KA, Ihle SL, Mackenzie AL 1997: Effects of medetomidine on serum insulin and plasma glucose concentrations in clinically normal dogs. Am J Vet Res 58: 1440-1442
6. Dyson D 2008: Analgesia and chemical restraint for the emergent veterinary patient. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 38: 1329-1352 <>
7. Dzikiti TB, Joubert KE, Venter LJ, Dzikiti LN 2006: Comparison of morphine and carprofen administered alone or in combination for analgesia in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. J S Afr Vet Assoc 77: 120-126 <>
8. Gracis M 2013: The oral cavity. In: Campoy L, Read MR (eds): Small animal regional anesthesia and analgesia, 1st edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Ames, pp. 119-140
9. Huber MA, Terezhalmy GT 2006: The use of COX-2 inhibitors for acute dental pain: A second look. J Am Dent Assoc 137: 480-487 <>
10. Ko JC, Mandsager RE, Lange DN, Fox SM 2000: Cardiorespiratory responses and plasma cortisol concentrations in dogs treated with medetomidine before undergoing ovariohysterectomy. J Am Vet Med Assoc 15: 217, 509-514 <>
11. Locher-Claus MT, Erickson TE, Law AS, Johnson WT, Gebhart GF 2005: Effects of preemptive morphine, ibuprofen or local anesthetic on Fos expression in the spinal trigeminal nucleus following tooth pulp exposure in the rat. J Endod 31: 578-583 <>
12. Martins LT, Kahvegian MAP, Noel-Morgan J, Leon-Roman MA, Otsuki DA, Fantoni DT 2010: Comparison of the effects of tramadol, codeine, and ketoprofen alone or in combination on postoperative pain and on concentrations of blood glucose, serum cortisol, and serum interleukin-6 in dogs undergoing maxillectomy or mandibulectomy. Am J Vet Res 71: 1019-1026 <>
13. Muir WW 2009: Physiology and pathophysiology of pain. In: Gaynor JS, Muir WW (Eds): Handbook of veterinary pain management, 2nd edn. Mosby, St. Louis, pp. 13-45
14. Rauser P, Janalik P, Markova M, Fichtel T 2013: Early analgesia after periodontal treatment in dogs: a comparison of three analgesic protocols. Vet Med Czech 58: 312317 <>
15. Vanegas H, Tortorici V 2002: Opioidergic effects of nonopioid analgesics on the central nervous system. Cell Mol Neurobiol 22: 655-661 <>
16. Woodward TM 2008: Pain management and regional anesthesia for the dental patient. Top Companion Anim Med 23: 106-114 <>
17. Yaksh TL, Malmberg AB 1993: Spinal actions of NSAIDs in blocking spinally mediated hyperalgesia: the role of cyclooxygenase products. Agents Actions Suppl 41: 89-100
18. Wiggs RB, Lobprise HB 1997: Periodontology. In: Wiggs RB, Lobprise HB (Eds): Veterinary dentistry. Principles and Practice, 1st edn. Lipicott – Raven, Philadelphia – New York, pp. 186-231
front cover
  • ISSN 0001-7213 (printed)
  • ISSN 1801-7576 (electronic)

Current issue