Acta Vet. Brno 2016, 85: 105-112

Artificial environmental radionuclides in Europe and methods of lowering their foodstuff contamination – a review

Katarína Beňová1, Petr Dvořák2, Martin Tomko1, Marcel Falis3

1University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Biology and Genetics, Košice, Slovak Republic
2University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Brno, Czech Republic
3University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Košice, Slovak Republic

Received September 16, 2015
Accepted February 10, 2016

This review discusses the consequences of the food chain contamination with radionuclides, especially focusing on the radiocaesium impact after the Chernobyl nuclear accident. In particular, the 137Cs isotope still represents a risk. Until present it is still detectable in the meat of game animals, especially in wild boar, but also in elk and reindeer. Although the occurrence of highly contaminated foods in most of Europe is currently limited, along the German-Czech border (the Šumava Region) the activity concentration of the 137Cs isotope in the meat of wild boar exceeds the acceptable limit several times. Additionally, the article describes simple processing technologies (cooking, pickling etc.) that lead to reduction of radionuclides in contaminated food.


67 live references