Acta Vet. Brno 2016, 85: 395-403

Effects of the origin and caponisation on carcass and meat traits in cockerels and capons aged 18 weeks

Marek Adamski, Joanna Kuźniacka, Mirosław Banaszak

University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, Department of Poultry Breeding and Animal Material Evaluation, Bydgoszcz, Poland

Received January 25, 2016
Accepted August 31, 2016

The aim of the present research was to evaluate the effect of the origin and caponisation on selected slaughter traits and quality indicators of meat in cockerels and capons of strains N88 (New Hampshire), R55 (Rhode Island Red), S11 (Sussex), and P55 (Plymouth Rock). The slaughter yield, breast muscle weight, percentage share of muscles in total in the carcasses, and fatness in general did not differ between the cockerels and capons within the evaluated strains. The trait that mostly distinguished cockerels from capons of strain N88 was the weight of leg muscles. Similarly, the fat content of carcasses expressed with the weight and percentage share of the skin with subcutaneous fat and abdominal fat did not differ between the evaluated groups of cockerels and capons. However, the weight of the leg muscles varied depending on the origin of cockerels and capons. As for the physiochemical properties of meat as well as its chemical composition, no significant differences were recorded in 18-week-old birds. The only obvious effect of the origin and caponisation was found on varied contents of fat in breast muscles in cockerels of strains N88 and P55, and capons of strain P55.


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