Acta Vet. Brno 2021, 90: 3-13

The impact of the oxidative status on the reproduction of cows and the calves’ health – a review

Péter Hejel1, János Sáfár1, Barbara Bognár1, László Kiss2, Viktor Jurkovich1, Endre Brydl1, László Könyves1

1University of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Hygiene, Herd-health and Mobile Clinic, Budapest, Hungary
2Kossuth 2006 Agricultural Co., Jászárokszállás, Hungary

Received June 23, 2020
Accepted February 24, 2021

The profitability of cattle farming is largely determined by ensuring high-quality breeding animals for replacement and longevity in production. The provision of breeding animals requires adequate fertility of the cowherd and then intensive weight gain in the calf rearing period. For ensuring these demands, many management aspects must be considered. Continuous monitoring of the herd’s health status, including redox status, is essential. This review aims to provide a summary of relevant scientific data published in the last few decades regarding the role of oxidative stress (OS) in infertility of dairy cows and developmental diseases in calves, the major predisposing factors, and possible prevention.


This project was financed by the European Union and co-financed by the European Social Fund (ESF) (grant agreement number: EFOP-3.6.1-16-2016-00024, project title: Institutional Developments for Intelligent Specialization in co-operation of the University of Veterinary Medicine and the Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Széchenyi István University) and by the European Social Fund (grant agreement number EFOP-3.6.2-16-2017-00012, project title: Development of a product chain model for functional, healthy and safe foods from farm to fork based on a thematic research network.


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